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USDA releases first corn harvest data for 2022

Getty/iStockphoto Combine harvesting corn
Agency offers updates on crop quality, winter wheat plantings and more

Once again, USDA’s latest crop progress report, out Monday afternoon and covering the week through September 11, held a variety of planting, crop maturity and harvest data to mine. Of particular note, the agency has officially begun to release corn harvest data while showing a slight decline in quality ratings. Soybean crop quality also unexpectedly tilted a point lower this past week.

Analysts expected corn ratings to hold steady from a week ago, but USDA lowered them a point, leaving 53% of the crop in good-to-excellent condition through Sunday. Another 27% is rated fair (unchanged from last week), with the remaining 20% rated poor or very poor (up a point from last week).

Nearly all (95%) of this season’s corn crop is now at the dough stage, versus a prior five-year average of 96%. Seventy-seven percent is dented (prior five-year average is 79%), and 25% is fully mature (prior five-year average is 30%). Eight of the top 18 production states have made some measurable harvest progress, leading to a national tally of 5%. That’s one point faster than the prior five-year average of 4% so far.

USDA hasn’t offered any soybean harvest updates yet, but that is surely right around the corner. Nearly all (97%) of the crop is now setting pods, versus the prior five-year average of 98%. And 22% is dropping leaves, which is six points behind the prior five-year average of 28%.

As with corn, USDA docked soybean quality ratings a point, with 56% of the crop now in good-to-excellent condition. Another 29% is rated fair (unchanged from last week), with the remaining 15% rated poor or very poor (up a point from last week).

The spring wheat harvest is gaining some momentum, moving from 71% complete a week ago up to 85% as of Sunday. This year’s effort is still slower than 2021’s pace of 95% and the prior five-year average of 89%, however.

Winter wheat plantings made some progress as well, moving from 3% a week ago up to 10% through Sunday. That puts the 2022/23 crop slightly behind 2021’s pace of 11% but remains ahead of the prior five-year average of 7%.

Click here for more data from the latest USDA crop progress report, including updates concerning barley, oats, cotton, rice and more.

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