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Crop yields, production decline slightly

Courtesy of Angel Jenio, Michigan Corn rear view of a combine harvesting mature corn on a sunny day
DRYDOWN COMPLETE: Corn is harvested on Jason McConnachie’s farm in Deckerville, Mich. The state’s November corn yield came in 2 bushels lower than the October report, according to USDA.
In USDA reports from October to November, Pennsylvania saw the biggest yield decline.

With harvest season essentially wrapped up, USDA’s most recent Crop Production Report shows little change in corn and soybean yields across the region, but the overall trend is down.

Take a look at 2022 corn and soybean yields, and production for the entire region:

November corn and soybean production data

Pennsylvania saw the biggest month-over-month declines — October to November — in corn and soybean yields. The projected corn yield of 142 bushels per acre is down 6 bushels from the October report, while the projected soybean yield of 44 bushels per acre is down 2 bushels from October.

Delaware saw a 5-bushel decline in corn yield from the October report, while there was no change in the soybean yield. Maryland saw a 4-bushel decline in corn yield and a 2-bushel decline in soybean yield.

New York state was the outlier as corn yield increased by 2 bushels, and soybean yield went up by 1 bushel.

Ohio’s corn yield of 186 bushels per acre, the highest in the region, was down 1 bushel from the October report. The Buckeye State’s soybean yield — 55 bushels per acre — was unchanged.

The corn yield in Michigan, the second-largest corn producer in the region, came in 2 bushels lower than the October report, while the soybean yield was unchanged.

National view

Corn production was adjusted slightly higher in the November report. Still, the overall production of 13.9 billion bushels is down 8% from last year. The average yield is 172.3 bushels per acre, down 4.4 bushels from last year.

Soybean production is forecast at 4.35 billion bushels, up 1% percent from the previous forecast, but down 3% from last year. Yields are expected to average 50.2 bushels per acre, down 1.5 bushels from last year.

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