What’s over the next hill? Gary Steinhardt asks that question often as a soil scientist. It’s the same question he asked repeatedly as his career took many twists and turns. Whatever he found “over the next hill,” he met with commitment and a “let’s get it done” attitude. That’s why Steinhardt is being named an Honorary Master Farmer. The Master Farmer program is co-sponsored by Indiana Prairie Farmer and the Purdue College of Agriculture.
Today, Steinhardt is a soil scientist in the Purdue Agronomy Department. In the mid-20th century, he was a farm boy on a diversified farm near Lansing, Mich. He attended Michigan State University, studying food science. “My goal was a career in the Army,” Steinhardt recalls.
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Two crucial things happened. First, there were no summer jobs for food science students in 1963. But MSU needed students to map soils in cooperation with USDA’s Soil Conservation Service. Steinhardt liked the challenge of mapping soils.
Second, his prospects for an Army career waned. He also decided that food science was not his career of choice. He had taken soils elective courses, so pursuing a master’s degree in soils was “over the next hill.” After completing the degree, Steinhardt served two years as an Army officer, including a tour in Vietnam.
Next, he followed Don Franzmeier, a friend from MSU, to West Lafayette, Ind., to begin a doctorate program in 1971. He finished in 1976 as Harry Galloway, another renowned Purdue soil specialist, retired from Extension. Steinhardt filled Galloway’s position.
Among Steinhardt’s many contributions to agriculture and rural life are the following:
Soil classification. As the nationwide modern soil survey by USDA neared completion, Steinhardt’s first Extension effort was helping soil and water conservation districts and community leaders use soil maps for land use planning and preservation of prime farmland.
“Obviously, we weren’t totally successful,” he says. “Land use is still a major issue today.”
Tall corn, short corn. Farmers began reporting this phenomenon in the late ’70s. Steinhardt and others would later track it down to soil compaction. But soil compaction wasn’t supposed to exist.
“The mindset was that soil compaction couldn’t be the problem,” Steinhardt recalls. “There was research backing that up. The problem was that the research dated back to the 1950s, and farming had changed. We weren’t popular with farmers or equipment companies.”
Working with Gary Krutz, a now-retired Purdue ag engineer, Steinhardt completed studies at Purdue’s agronomy farm proving soil compaction could cut yields drastically under certain conditions. This opened the door to work with other researchers on no-till and strip-till studies.
Soils judging and teaching. Indiana has one of the largest, most competitive FFA and 4-H soils judging programs anywhere. Steinhardt is largely responsible for bringing soils education into the 21st century. He started coaching the Purdue soils judging team early in his career. Past teams have won many regional contests, one national title in the American Society of Agronomy contest and three titles in the North American Colleges and Teachers of Agriculture contest.
On-site septic system education. Steinhardt promotes education for proper installation and care of rural septic systems and interacts with soil scientists.
“Training soil scientists who do site inspections for new systems is critical,” he says. “We incorporate training into our high school soils judging program, using the same pits. It’s critical for soil scientists who evaluate soils for septic systems to gather and compare notes, making sure we’re all interpreting soil properties similarly.”